The Clear Quran

Want to Make Sure You Perform Hajj Correctly? Read Our Full Guide Below!


Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah, is one of the five pillars of Islam and a once-in-a-lifetime obligation for Muslims who are physically and financially able to undertake it. This sacred journey is a profound act of worship and devotion, uniting Muslims around the world in a shared demonstration of faith and obedience to Allah (SWT). In this guide, we will provide a comprehensive, step-by-step overview of the Hajj process to help you understand and prepare for this essential act of worship. 

Preparation for Hajj 

Spiritual Preparation and 

Before embarking on Hajj, it is crucial to prepare spiritually. This includes seeking forgiveness from Allah (SWT), making sincere repentance for past sins, and ensuring that all debts and obligations to others are settled. Engage in regular prayers, read the Quran and supplications to strengthen your faith and dedication. 

Physical Preparation 

Hajj is physically demanding, so it is important to be in good health. Engage in regular physical exercise to build stamina and endurance. Ensure you have necessary vaccinations and health checks well in advance. 

Travel Arrangements and Packing Essentials 

Book your travel well in advance. Pack essentials including Ihram clothing (two white, seamless cloth for men, modest dress for women), comfortable footwear, personal hygiene items, medications, and a small first aid kit. It is also helpful to bring a guidebook, a prayer rug, and a portable Quran. 

Arrival in Makkah 

Introduction to the City of Makkah 

Makkah is the holiest city in Islam, home to the Kaaba, the House of Allah (SWT), within the Masjid al-Haram. The city is bustling with Pilgrims, especially during the Hajj season. 

Initial Rituals Upon Arrival 

Upon arrival, pilgrims perform a ritual cleaning (Ghusl) wear their Ihram garments. Entering a state of Ihram signifies the start of a sacred journey and involves making the intention (niyyah) for Hajj.

Ihram: The Sacred State and Its Significance

Ihram represents a state of purity and equality before Allah (SWT). While in Ihram, certain actions are prohibited, such as shaving, cutting nails, using scented products, engaging in marital relations, and arguing or fighting. 

Day 1: 8th of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Tarwiyah) 

Departure to Mina 

On the 8th of Dhul Hijjah, pilgrims travel to Mina, a small village located approximately 8 kilometers from Makkah. This day is known as the Day of Tarwiyah. 

Setting Up Camp in Mina 

In Mina, pilgrims set up tents where they will stay for the next few days. This day is spent in prayer and reflection, preparing for the significant events to come. 

Activities and Prayers on the First Day 

Pilgrims perform the five daily prayers and engage in additional supplications and Quran recitation. The focus is on spiritual readiness and seeking Allah (SWT)’s guidance and mercy. 

Day 2: 9th of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafah)
The Day of Arafah is the pinnacle of Hajj. It commemorates the final sermon of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and is a day of intense worship and supplication. 

Journey to the Plains of Arafah 

Pilgrims travel to the plains of Arafah, located about 20 kilometers from Mina. Arriving by midday, they gather for Wuquf, the standing Arafah. 

Performing Wuquf (Standing in Arafah) 

Wuquf involves standing in earnest prayer and supplication, seeking Allah (SWT)’s forgiveness and blessings. This act is performed from midday until sunset and is the most critical component of Hajj. 

Importance of Supplication and Repentance 

The Day of Arafah is a profound opportunity for Muslims to seek forgiveness for their sins and ask for guidance. It is said that those who sincerely repent on this day are forgiven by Allah (SWT). 

Day 3: 10th of Dhul Hijjah (Eid ul-Adha)

Journey to Muzdalifah

After sunset on the Day of Arafah, pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah. Here, they perform Maghrib and Isha prayers combined, and spend the night under the open sky. 

Collecting Pebbles for Rami 

In Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect 49 or 70 small pebbles to be used in the Rami al-Jamarat ritual. This act symbolizes the rejection of evil. 

Return to Mina for Rami al-Jamarat (Stoning the Devil)

On the morning of the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, pilgrims return to Mina to perform the first Rami al-Jamarat, stoning the largest of three pillars that represent Satan. This ritual commemorates the Prophet Ibrahim (as)’s rejection of Satan’s temptation. 

Sacrifice of an Animal (Qurbani) 

Following the stoning, pilgrims perform the sacrifice with an animal, emulating the Prophet Ibrahim (as)’s willingness to sacrifice his son in obedience to Allah (SWT). The meat is distributed to the poor and needy. 

Shaving or Trimming Hair

Men shave their heads or trim their hair, while women cut a small portion of their hair. This act symbolizes a new beginning and spiritual renewal.

Tawaf al-Ifadah (Circumambulation of the Kaaba)

Pilgrims return to Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ifadah, a mandatory circumambulation of the Kaaba, symbolizing the unity of believers in the worship of Allah (SWT). 

Days 4-6: 11th-13th of Dhul-Hijjah

Continued Stoning of the Pillars

Over the next three days, pilgrims continue the ritual of stoning the three Jamarat pillars in Mina, each representing a rejection of evil.

Stay in Mina

Pilgrims remain in Mina, reflecting on the significance of the rites they have performed. These days are also spent in prayer, Quran recitation, and community gatherings.

Tawaf al-Wada (Farewell Tawaf)

Before leaving Makkah, pilgrims perform Tawaf al-Wada, the farewell circumambulation of the Kaaba. This final act of worship is a poignant moment, marking the end of the Hajj journey.

Additional Rituals and Activities

Visiting the Prophet (SAW)’s Mosque in Medina (Optional but Recommended)

Many pilgrims choose to visit Medina, where they can pray at the Prophet’s Mosque (Masjid al-Nabawi) and visit the Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s grave. This visit, while not a formal part of Hajj, holds great spiritual significance.

Importance of Reflection and Continued Spiritual Growth

The conclusion of Hajj is not the end of a Muslim’s spiritual journey but a new beginning. Pilgrims return home with renewed faith, a deeper understanding of their religion, and a commitment to lead a life that embodies the teachings of Islam.

Can You Afford to Wait? Time is Running Out to Donate Qurans This Dhul-Hijjah!

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are not only significant for those performing Hajj but also for Muslims worldwide. It is a period marked by increased worship, good deeds, and charity. One of the most rewarding acts of charity during this time is the distribution of the Quran. Investing in Quran distribution is a noble initiative that ensures the holy book reaches the hands of those who might not otherwise have access to it. This act of charity benefits the masses and carries immense spiritual reward, as it spreads the word of Allah (SWT), and facilitates continuous engagement with His teachings.


Hajj is a profound and transformative experience, filled with deep spiritual significance and acts of worship that bring Muslims closer to Allah (SWT). This guide provides an overview of the essential steps and rituals involved in performing Hajj. We hope it serves as a useful resource for those preparing for this sacred journey. May Allah (SWT) accept the Hajj of all pilgrims and grant them a safe and rewarding pilgrimage.